Indirect Object Pronouns

spanish indirect object pronouns

These are the indirect object pronouns of the Spanish language (English translation included):

• me (for/to me)

• te (for/to you)

• le (for/to him, her, you, it)

• nos (for/to us)

• os (you [plural, Spain])

• les (them, you [plural, LatAm])

• se (for/to him, her, you, it, them)

Don’t let these little words intimidate you. They are easier to use than you think! 

Let me show you!

Where to Place Them?

Place indirect object pronouns before conjugated verbs, except for imperative statements that are positive.

¿Me haces un favor?
• Can you do me a favor?

• Nos regaló una mesa.
• He gave us a table.

• Les dije la verdad.
• I told them/you the truth.

Indirect object pronouns are attached to the end of the verb in imperative, positive statements. This rule does not apply to imperative, negative sentences. See the examples below.

¡Envíale un mensaje!
• Send him a message!

No le digas nada.
• Don’t tell him anything.

Attach indirect object pronouns to the end of infinitive verbs and gerunds.

Escribirle 
• To write to her/him/you

Escribiéndole
• Writing to her/him/you

When you have two verbs in a sentence, you can either place the indirect object pronouns before the conjugated verb, or you can attach it to the end of the second verb.

• Le quiero escribir.
• I want to write to her/him/you.

Quiero escribirle.
• I want to write to her/him/you.

If you need to use a direct and indirect object pronoun in the same sentence, use the following pattern.
E

Indirect Object Pronoun + Direct Object Pronoun

Me gusta tu camisa. ¿Me la prestas?
• I like your shirt. Can you lend it to me?

Interesting Fact: When object pronouns are placed after the verb, they become one word.

Déjame.
• Leave me.

Déjaselo.
• Leave it to her/him.

Verbs that Take Indirect Objects

The following verbs take both, direct and indirect objects.

• cobrar dinero (to charge money)

• comprar algo (to buy something)

• decir algo (to say something)

• contestar (to answer)

• preguntar (to ask)

• cocinar algo (to cook something)

• contar (to tell)

• dar (to give)

• enseñar (to teach)

• enviar algo (to send something)

• hacer (to do)

• prestar (to lend)

• vender (to sell)

Do you have questions about indirect object pronouns? Feel free to drop me a line. I’ll be happy to clarify any doubts.

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