Use the Spanish imperative to demand or require that an action be performed.

spanish imperative chart

The imperative is one of the 3 moods of the Spanish language, and it is only found in the present tense.

Examples of the Spanish imperative are:

Ten cuidado. (Be careful.)
Haz clic aquí. (Click here.)
Limpia tu habitación. (Clean your room.)
Cierra la puerta. (Close the door.)
Llama a un médico. (Call a doctor.)
Veamos si funciona. (Let’s see if it works.)

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Uses of the Spanish Imperative

The Spanish imperative can be used to give commands, beg, give instructions, give advice, invite, and give permission.

give commands ¡Sal de ahí!
Get out of there!
beg Ayúdame, por favor.
Help me, please.
give instructions Camina todo recto.
Walk straight ahead.
give advice Descansa un poco.
Rest a bit.
invite Venid a mi casa.
Come to my house.
give permission Sí, pasa adelante.
Sure, come in.
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The Spanish imperative has 5 official forms: tú, vos, usted, vosotros, ustedes.

The nosotros form often expresses a suggestion and including it as part of the Spanish imperative is polemic.

, vos, and usted have the same meaning: you [singular].

Vosotros or vosotras and ustedes translate as you [plural].

Let’s learn more about these little words!

Imperative of Tú

The Spanish imperative form of is the same as the simple present form of él in -ar, -er, and -ir verbs.

imperative of tu chart

Examples of regular imperative forms of are:

estudiar→ estudia
trabajar→ trabaja
leer → lee
ver → ve
imprimir → imprime
abrir→ abre

The imperative of only has 8 irregular forms.

ir → ve
salir → sal
venir → ven
hacer → haz
poner → pon
decir → di
tener → ten
ser → sé

Imperative of Vosotros

Substitute the -r for -d in infinitive verbs to form the imperative of vosotros.

• estudiar→ estudiad

imperative of vosotros chart

Examples of regular imperative forms of vosotros are:

• ir → id
• salir → salid
• venir → venid
• hacer → haced
• poner → poned
• decir → decid
• tener → tened
• ser → sed

Spaniards tend to not pronounce the -d in the imperatives of vosotros.

To differentiate between the imperatives of from vosotros pay attention to the stressed syllable.

• COme (tú)
• coMED (vosotros)

Imperative of Usted, Ustedes, Nosotros

Form the imperative of usted, ustedes and nosotros with the present subjunctive forms of él, ellos, and nosotros correspondingly.

imperative of usted, ustedes, nosotros

Examples of regular imperative forms of usted, ustedes and nosotros are:

estudiar→ estudie, estudien, estudiemos
trabajar→ trabaje, trabajen, trabajemos
leer → lea, lean, leamos
ver → vea, vean, veamos
imprimir → imprima, impriman, imprimamos
abrir→ abra, abran, abramos

In most areas of Spain, the imperative of usted and ustedes is used to make a formal petition.

In America, Canarias and areas of Andalucía ustedes is used in formal and informal situations.

Imperative of Vos

Vos means you.

Vos exists in almost every part of the Americas except most of Mexico, the Antilles, most of Peru and Venezuela, and the Atlantic coast of Colombia.

Form the imperative of vos by adding -á, -é, and -í to verb stems.
imperative of vos

Examples of regular imperative forms of vos are:

estudiar→ estudiá
trabajar→ trabajá
leer → leé
ver → ve
imprimir → imprimí
abrir→ abrí

The imperative of vos has one notorious irregular form.

ir → andá

Negative Imperatives

Always use the present subjunctive forms of -ar, -er, and -ir verbs to form the negative imperative.

spanish negative imperative chart

Make negative petitions with these words.

• no comas
• nunca
• jamás
• tampoco
• ni

No, nunca, jamás, tampoco and ni are used to express negative statements.

Examples of negative imperatives are:

• no trabajes
• no hables
• no hagas ruido
• no comas
• no salgas de casa
• no fumes
• no bebas

Imperatives with Pronouns

Direct and indirect object pronouns are attached to the end of the verb in positive imperatives.

• Cuéntamelo.
• Ayúdanos.

• Llámame.

• Sepáralos.

• Bésalos.

Place indirect object pronouns, followed by direct object pronouns separately in negative imperatives.

• No me lo cuentes.
• No nos ayudes.
• No me llames.
• No los separes.
• No los beses.

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